These estimates are subject to credit checks and may change when you apply for finance. this is for example purposes only
60 monthly payments of
When you finance a car, you make a credit agreement with your lender. You enter into a contract where you agree to pay the amount financed plus a finance charge over a fixed period of time. This helps consumers to spread out the huge costs of buying a car, making this deal very accessible to the general public.
Car finance can take many forms and implies different terms and conditions, including requirements to get accepted. The good news is that there is a suitable option for anyone. Carplus will help you find the right car and a suitable car finance option! We provide HP finance and PCP finance. We can also help you if you have no deposit, have negative equity, you are self-employed or have a bad credit rating.
The main idea behind car finance is simple - you choose a car, a lender pays for it, and you pay back the purchase price with some interest. The money you pay is divided into portions - a deposit and a series of monthly payments. Although, some car finance options require no deposit (i.e., upfront payment) at all. And the amount of interest increases with the amount you borrow and the term length of the finance agreement.
You technically become the sole owner only at the end of your finance contract. Once you make all of your payments, you can do whatever you want with the car - keep it, sell it, or exchange it for a new car.
But going into specific types, this arrangement becomes a bit more complicated. This is what we’re here to figure out.
The first step involved with car finance is choosing a product for your unique situation. In the next several sections, we’ll list and describe the following options:
|Finance features:||Hire purchase (HP)||Personal contract purchase (PCP)||Personal loan|
|Requires initial deposit||Optional||Optional|
|Car is yours at the end of the agreement||Optional|
|Fixed monthly payments|
|Optional balloon (final) payment|
|Avoid excess mileage charge|
|Secured against an asset (e.g. a car)|
|Support with vehicle issues|
Hire purchase car finance is a form of finance when you hire a car over the contract period, with the intention to purchase it at the end of the contract. It is one of the most commonly used forms of car finance.
Based on a typical HP agreement, you need to pay a deposit (for example, 10% of the car’s value). The financing company then contributes the remaining 90%. Then, you will pay off that amount plus interest over a fixed term (1-5 years on average) in monthly installments. In the meantime, the loan will be secured against the car.
You can’t sell the car without the lender’s permission because you don’t own the car until it’s completely paid off. Usually, there is a relatively inexpensive option fee to transfer the ownership of the car.
Below are approximate calculations for HP finance:
If you have more questions about HP, check out this article for answers. In the meantime, let’s quickly break down the pros and cons.
Conditional sales and hire purchases are very similar and work in practically the same way. However, there is one big difference - as soon as you make your last payment, you automatically become the owner of the car. This means you don’t have to pay the fee at the end, although your monthly payment will be higher than the one for HP.
If you can consistently afford a higher fee, this option will work for you. You don’t have to save up for a larger last payment at the end of the plan, so it’ll be easier for you to create a monthly budget.
A usual repayment term for a conditional sale is 2-6 years. Before the plan kicks in, you need to make the first payment of about 10% of the car’s value.
PCP car finance is structured so that the buyer won't have to pay off the full value of the car unless they decide to keep it. The consumer only gets a loan for the difference between the car’s brand new price and its predicted value at the end of the term.
You visit the dealer or online retailer, choose a car, pay the deposit of around 10%, sign the contract with the interest rate and monthly payments set in place, and drive away. But there is an important detail that makes this option more complex - Guaranteed Minimum Future Value, or GMFV.
Let’s say you’re setting up a two-year PCP agreement. The dealer will make an assessment of what the car will be worth in two years’ time. This figure is referred to as GMFV, provided by the finance house underwriting the agreement. While your PCP contract is active, you’ll pay off the difference between the price of a new car and its GMFV figure at the end of the term.
Your options at the end of the term are:
Below are exemplary figures for PCP deals:
Personal loans generally have no restrictions on how you use them. They are often unsecured, so if you use one to fund your vehicle purchase, you’re not required to use the newly acquired vehicle as collateral.
A personal loan for a car is the same as a personal loan for any other purpose - you borrow a fixed sum and repay it in monthly installments with interest. The difference from other finance options is that you don’t borrow it from the dealership or pay the initial deposit.
If you take out a personal loan, you essentially become a cash buyer from the car dealership’s perspective. Loan terms vary greatly depending on which bank you choose. Usually, they are offered for 1-7 years.
You can opt for secured or unsecured loans. Secured loans are cheaper, but the downside is that your collateral (e.g., your house) will be at risk until you pay back the full amount plus interest.
Here is a representative example of a personal loan:
Under a PCH agreement, you take control of a car for a contractual period, which is what dealerships call the ‘lease period’. The car will be in your possession, but it’s the dealership that owns the car.
In simple terms, you ‘rent’ the car throughout the duration of your contract and return it when the contract expires. The good news is that the dealership (or finance company) will have to worry about depreciation values and disposal of the car.
Before signing the contract, you agree on an annual mileage allowance - the higher you set it, the higher your monthly payment will be. Then you make an advance rental payment (usually fairly affordable) and take delivery of the car.
You’ll make monthly payments over a fixed term, and when the contract expires, you’ll simply hand the car back. As long as the vehicle is in good condition and the mileage allowance wasn’t exceeded, there will be no further costs.
It’s also important to mention that while the contract is still active, you don’t have to pay service fees, maintenance fees, or road tax. These costs are usually incorporated into the hire agreement.
If you are torn between PCP and PCH, we have an article covering their differences and similarities. But in this one, we’ve yet to cover the advantages/disadvantages of specifically PCH.
As the name suggests, you borrow an agreed amount from a bank and pay it back with interest. It is normal for interest rates for bank auto loans to be lower, especially if you set a shorter agreement length.
The main benefit of borrowing from a bank is the incentives. For example, just like with credit cards, you can earn points that you can spend on flights with a certain airline company (depends on the bank).
Bank auto loans are essentially the same as personal loans but with two restrictions - they are only offered by banks and only for vehicles (consumer loans can be used for anything). When you work with a bank, you don’t have any ties to the dealer or manufacturer. After you’ve bought the car, you can use it as you see fit.
First of all, you need to ask yourself the right questions:
You also need to get your affairs in order. Before any lender can approve you, you need to pass certain checks - proof of identity and address, bank details, employment, driving license, and credit rating. This means you need to present yourself as a reliable borrower on all these documents. If you can improve your image for any of those checks, take that opportunity to maximize the chance of approval.
Finally, you need to calculate how much money everything is going to cost in total. You should account for the ongoing costs of owning a car like insurance, tax, MOT, fuel, repairs, etc. Car financing is a serious financial commitment, which is why you need to budget for all these expenses and plan for emergencies.
When you finally get approved and complete all the paperwork, you enter the arguably most important part - making your repayments. It will take a long time, but there will be no time to slack off. There is so much at stake - your car, credit score, and all future credit opportunities.
Here are some tips to make this long journey easier:
As you can see, if one option doesn’t fit, you can always turn to an alternative. HP and PCP are the most common choices, so you can start from there. If you have an idea of what sort of budget you're working with, even better - you can enter all the details into an online calculator and get an approximate quote.
Have you made up your mind about which option sounds right to you? If not, shop around for different deals, ask for quotes, and direct further questions to car finance brokers and consultants. This is not the time for rushed decisions, so the more information you have going in, the better.
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Having the ability to pay for a car with cash outright certainly eliminates some of the struggle and paperwork. However, most people find themselves in a situation where they need to take out a finance agreement. But then, they can enjoy the benefits from it - spread-out costs and improved credit score. The fact that you can get a good car on a tight budget is perhaps the only reason you need to make car finance worth it.
We recommend shortlisting a few options from our article and choosing the one that you can afford, you’ll likely be accepted for, and gives you the most additional perks. But to generalize, many people will probably find Personal Contract Purchase (PCP) best for flexibility and Hire Purchase (HP) - best for low overall costs.
Some of the reasons simply have to do with the regular drawbacks of buying new cars - they depreciate, and repair costs can add up. As for car finance specifically, you get into (or add to existing) debt. Making payments to a bank or other lender can be stressful if you don’t have ample revenue flowing into your account.
There’s no minimum credit score required to buy a car. But if you’re hoping to get a good deal on finance options, you’d benefit from having a fair score (Experian 721-880) or a good score (Experian 881-960). With a bad credit score, you’ll still be able to get a car, but the lender will likely offer higher interest rates.
It depends on what option you choose and your personal сircumstances. For example, if you have a poor credit history, getting approved for HP can be easier than a personal loan. If you want to know your chances before applying, use online eligibility checkers and speak to a car finance consultant.
Consider financing a car when: - You want/need a newer car but are unable to save up enough cash; - You can get a low-interest loan that you can afford; - Regular payments won’t put a strain on your budget; - You need additional tools to improve your credit.